One-story houses: beautiful projects (100+ photos)
Own cottage - the embodiment of the dream of silence and tranquility of country life, the absence of neighbors behind the wall and complete independence on its territory. Admit it, because with the current rhythm you also had thoughts of quitting everything and leaving the noisy dusty city for at least a couple of months? Do you think this is too complicated and expensive? And here we are ready to prove that there is nothing unrealistic in building your own one-story house!
The choice of materials for construction
Felling - eco-friendly, very warm and comfortable material, the most natural and most desirable for your own home. But do not forget that the tree shrinks, it is more difficult to work with it, it is sensitive to moisture and requires regular maintenance. These problems are inherent even to a bar, although it is more convenient to use.
The brick is also warm, not afraid of heat and frost, maintains a comfortable microclimate in the house and lasts for a hundred years. But masonry is a long and painstaking process, and it also requires a strong foundation due to its heavy weight. Ceramic blocks are a bit more convenient to lay, but due to their size they are more fragile and expensive.
Frame houses are fast, simple and affordable if you want to finish construction as quickly as possible. There are Canadian and Finnish technologies, there are SIP panels and other prefabricated structures. Just keep in mind that frames have much less space for experimenting with forms and layout.
Expanded clay and aerated concrete are light, warm and fireproof materials with good insulating properties due to the porous structure. But they can crack over time and are not as durable as bricks. Arbolite is stronger and more practical, but its price is higher.
Do not forget about thermal insulation, because insulated walls will cost you much more. You will save a little on construction - but then you will encounter a lot of expenses for heating a house. Moreover, the insulation is laid quite quickly and simply trimmed on top.
Roof for a one-story house
Roof structures are much more than just flat and classic gable. There are single and multi-slope, hip and half-hip, attic and exploited green. Fans of more extravagant exteriors can make domed, conical and tent structures or combine several options in one.
For operating and roofs of complex configuration, bitumen coating is suitable. These are soft rolled materials that take any form, are not afraid of rain, snow, sun or fungus and have high insulating properties. Only lay the bitumen sheet specialists, so as not to spoil the stove burner and isolate all joints.
Tiles of all kinds and stripes are piece materials. It always looks neat and beautiful, suitable for roofs of various shapes, but it is more difficult to lay out. This is an elegant refractory ceramic tile, and unpretentious composite, spectacular slate or budget cement-sand slabs.
Metal and slate are low-cost and easy-to-lay sheet materials. Durability and variety of colors provides a polymer coating on top. But this option is only suitable for roofs of a simple configuration.
Layout options for a one-story house
Think in advance what rooms you need: whether you need an office or a guest bedroom, a nursery, a separate dining room or a spacious pantry. Or maybe a sauna, a room for billiards or a small library? The main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise a one-story house will come out too large and uncomfortable. If you plan to attach a garage or workshop, it is also better to do it right away.
One-story houses - projects and photos
One-story houses are much more diverse than it seems at first glance: from design to layout. Even among typical projects, there are many interesting options, not to mention individual ones. Consider a few common closer!
One-story brick house
Brick one-story houses are warm, durable and reliable - not for one generation. In addition to the classic ceramic brick, silicate is also used. Instead of burnt clay, sand and lime are in it, and this gives new textures and colors.
Brick can be ordinary (for construction) or facing (for decoration of facades). And also - full or hollow, depending on the structure and the presence of holes inside. The corpulent is stronger, but heavier, and the hollow is lighter, warmer, but not so strong.
One-storey house made of timber
The bar is a more practical and modern alternative to the log house. It has already undergone pre-processing, differs in precise geometry, is better dried and less prone to shrinkage. This means that houses from timber, although not so colorful, are much more convenient and easier to build.
For one-story houses, most often used is planed (solid) or glued (from lamellas) timber. But sawn fit much worse because of the high humidity and the associated shrinkage. A one-story wooden house does not even need to be trimmed with decorative panels - it is already beautiful and handsome.
One-story frame house
A single-storey frame house can be ready in just 1.5-2 months. You have different technologies at your disposal, but the essence is the same: the design is assembled from ready-made factory modules and sheathed on top. This optimization of production helped to significantly reduce the cost of the house without compromising the quality of the materials.
Frame houses are light, especially one-story houses, so a simple pile foundation is enough for them. The walls inside and outside look neat and do not need to be leveled, plastered or sealed with drywall. All communications are still hiding in the walls during the construction phase, and even such a house does not shrink.
One-storey house from foam blocks
Foam blocks - quite a budget and practical material with large dimensions. They are laid according to the principle of classical brickwork, but due to the size this happens much faster. Lightweight material does not need such a powerful and massive foundation, such as a solid brick.
Foam blocks are a type of cellular concrete with minimal shrinkage and water absorption and good insulating properties. It is based on a cement mortar into which foaming agents are introduced. Different brands differ in frost resistance, and according to density they are divided into heat-insulating, structural and combined.
One-story house with a garage
A garage with a separate extension is inappropriate, occupies the territory and complicates the arrangement of the site. Therefore, it is better to immediately combine it with your home - it is much more neat and practical. You only need to take care of high-quality sound insulation and fire safety.
Traditionally, such garages make two exits: immediately to the street and to the house. For the second, a small vestibule-vestibule will not be superfluous, which will protect living quarters from noise, smells and cold air. Enter the extension into the exterior of the house so that it is not a separate appendix, because you still need to design the roof.
One-storey house with an attic
Attic is not only the prerogative of large two-story mansions, it can also be placed on a one-story house. A bedroom, a nursery, a relaxation room or a guest room are traditionally brought there. You can also transfer a study or a creative workshop there so that households do not distract from work.
When planning, consider the load on the foundation, because an additional extension will inevitably strengthen it. Decorate the attic with a single or gable roof, and if it is small, make a combined version. And be sure to design and choose the windows in advance - this is one of the most difficult stages of arranging the attic.
One-storey house with a terrace
Often the terrace, made on the principle of "why not," then becomes a favorite place for all households and guests. This is a recreation area, and summer kitchen, and a spacious furnished space in the fresh air. Isn't it nice to have morning coffee or an evening glass of wine in the yard in the fresh air?
Outdoor terraces are less bulky and priceless in the summer. But in the closed you can bring heating and water for the winter - this is a full extension to the house. If you can’t decide on the layout, you can always turn into a terrace a spacious porch at the entrance, combining the useful with the pleasant.
One-story flat roof house
A flat roof can be operated or not operated, and differs only in the order of laying of insulating materials. In the first case, you can take out a small garden, playground, relaxation area or even a pool. In the second, it is a spectacular and stylish option for houses in a modern style or fashionable Scandinavian minimalism.
A flat roof requires thoughtful insulation and arrangement of a drainage system so that moisture and snow do not accumulate on the surface. On an unused roof, special service paths are designed so as not to damage the coating during cleaning and repair. And if you plan to use a roof - do not forget about drainage and high-quality vapor barrier.
One-storey chalet style house
Romantic alpine houses are an ideal choice if you have a small hilly area. Rock gardens, small artificial ponds and waterfalls, as many stones and greenery as possible are suitable for landscape design. Even near the city you can create a small corner with the atmosphere of an alpine chalet.
Features of the chalet are a combination of stone and wood, high and massive windows, covered attics and a protruding gable roof. The stone foundation gives strength, stability and protection from the cold, and at the same time will make it possible to take down the basement. Timber, boards, wood panels provide coziness, a healthy microclimate and a comfortable atmosphere.