How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: 3 ways
Medical masks are now worth its weight in gold, so you have to experiment on your own. But don’t worry, it’s very easy to sew with your own hands! And it doesn’t matter at all whether you have a sewing machine or if you have to wield a needle and thread. We share ideas and step-by-step master classes in this difficult time!
What should be the mask?
Masks are disposable or reusable, but they must be hygienic and breathable. In the pursuit of efficiency, do not overdo it with the number of layers, because you have to walk in it for several hours. Reusable non-sterile masks are quite enough for everyday use, while sterile ones are used in laboratories and operating rooms.
The mask should completely cover the mouth and nose to prevent the virus from penetrating the mucous membranes. The standard size of an adult mask is 17.5x9.5 cm, and a child's mask is 14x8 cm. But if you sew it with your own hands, you can slightly vary these parameters for your convenience.
Classic medical masks consist of two outer and one filter layer. The specialized ones still have an anti-liquid layer - this is necessary for surgeons during operations. For fastening behind the ears, any elastic bands, shoelaces, elastic bands and ties are used.
Reusable masks at home are sewn from breathable fabric, gauze or bandage. Non-woven materials that breathe and do not soar can be used. Of these, a good disposable filter is obtained, which is then simply thrown away.
1. Medical mask made of fabric
For sewing a reusable fabric mask, be sure to choose natural materials - cotton or linen. Synthetic fabrics do not allow air to pass through, therefore they create a “greenhouse effect”. You will be stuffy and hot, and a warm, humid environment - ideal conditions for the development of bacteria.
You will need: A piece of cotton fabric (for example, calico or calico) 40x20 cm, 2 elastic bands of 17 cm each, iron, needle and thread.
How to stitch: Fold the fabric in half with the front side inward, tuck the edges-allowances by about 1 cm and iron the folds. Form three even folds and iron the mask again on both sides. Unfold the fabric and put in loops of elastic, slightly retreating from above and below.
Sew along the side seams and fix the places where the elastic is sewn in well. Turn the blank onto the front side - and your fabric mask is ready! Optionally, you can sew up the upper seam or use it as a pocket for replaceable non-woven filters.
2. Medical gauze mask
Previously, medical masks were sewn from gauze, because it was cheap, light and convenient. You can use it now, but be sure to put it in several layers. Gauze masks can be washed, disinfected, boiled and even autoclaved.
You will need: A rectangular section of gauze (or bandage) 8 x 30 cm, 2 elastic bands of 17 cm, a needle and thread.
How to stitch: Lay the cheesecloth on the table, fold it in half and again in half. Find the middle of the rectangle and mark with a pencil, and then at a distance of 0.5 cm, fix one end of the elastic. Fix the second end at the edge at a distance of 1 cm from it, and in the same way put the second eye.
If you don’t have an elastic band, you can make ties from the same gauze. To do this, you will need four 35x6 cm rectangles. Fold the edges of each of them to the center, then fold the ties in half, sew along the entire length and lay in the same corners as the elastic bands.
Fold the entire gauze blank in half, secure with pins and sew the bandage from all sides. Leave only a small gap of 4-5 cm in the center, twist the mask through it, and then sew. Form folds evenly at a distance of 3 cm from the top edge and sew them on the sides.
3. How to sew a reusable mask
To make a reusable mask with your own hands, you will need a non-woven fabric. It can be special household napkins that are sold directly on rolls or a clean packaging bag. Due to its structure, such material has no cells or holes, so it retains dust and bacteria well.
You will need: Several non-woven bags and napkins for blanks measuring 13.5 x 12 cm, a stencil, 2 elastic bands of 14 cm each.
How to stitch: Cut out of colored non-woven material two-layer blank - this will be the front of the mask. You will find the template and all sizes in the video. Put two more layers on top and sew them together along a narrow edge. According to the same scheme, make the second half of the mask and connect them together in a long arc.
The edges of the nonwoven fabric do not crumble into threads, like cotton. But so that they are neat, sheathed them around the perimeter with a thin strip of the same material. Make ties from it or use a thin elastic band. You can carefully trim the corners on the bends on the back with scissors so that they do not puff.
How to wear a medical mask?
Before putting on the mask, wash and sanitize your hands well. Take it only for elastic ears and in no case touch the inside or outside. Tight fit to the face provides a special flexible retainer on the nose. If you make a mask with your own hands, you can sew it directly under the seam.
Change the medical mask every 2-4 hours or as it gets dirty. After that, it not only does not protect, but also becomes dangerous, because it creates ideal conditions for bacteria. Categorically you can’t walk all day in one mask - it doesn’t matter, in the pharmacy or at home!
When you remove the mask, do not touch the face of your face with your hands, and then wash your hands well. Disposable pharmacy masks can not be washed - they immediately go to the bin. But the fabric is well washed with soap in hot water, treated with alcohol and thoroughly dried.