How to transplant an orchid at home
Florists recommend less disturbing delicate orchids, but they still need to be periodically transplanted. Flowers are not on sale in the most suitable soil and flowerpots. And in the future they will grow and require expansion, because if the roots are constantly in cramped conditions, you can forget about flowering. We tell you how to transplant an orchid correctly at home and not injure it in the process!
Transplant after purchase
In stores, orchids are most often sold in special transport soil, but it is not suitable for constant use. Therefore, the flower will need to be transplanted, and the sooner the better. But first, quarantine it for at least 5-7 days without watering and fertilizing in order to identify possible diseases and pests.
Planned Orchid Transplant
In normal mode, indoor orchids are transplanted when they grow out of a pot. On average, this is every 1-2 years, when the root system clearly ceases to fit. A planned transplant is carried out in early spring or a couple of weeks after the orchid has completely faded.
Be sure to transplant the plant at the first sign of rotting of the root or neck. If there is moss or other moisture-absorbing components in the flowerpot, you need to monitor it especially carefully. Such orchids are recommended to be grown only in transparent pots, so that you can see how the soil dries.
Orchid garden soil does not fit - it is too heavy and the roots will quickly decay. A special substrate of pieces of oak, aspen or pine bark is needed. You can use fern roots, charcoal, moss, cork or foam chips, pieces of chalk, granular clay or perlite. If you prepare the mixture yourself, you must first boil the bark twice to destroy bacteria, fungus and pests.
Orchids need constant air circulation, and some varieties can even be grown without pots in special blocks. Great baskets, wicker flowerpots, wooden boxes with crevices. A convenient option is a transparent plastic flowerpot with holes on all sides to monitor the condition of the roots and soil.
And to make drainage holes in a plastic pot, use a soldering iron or a hot nail. When transferring to a third, fill any new pot with polystyrene or fine gravel. In the future, when watering, always wait until the orchid completely drains.
We take out an orchid from a pot
Your main task is not to damage the delicate root system, closely intertwined in a lump. If you can’t remove it carefully, it’s best to break or break the entire pot. In no case do not try to get the orchid by force, otherwise it will be injured and will die later.
To make it easier for the roots to slip out of the flowerpot, briefly soak the orchid in warm water. They are saturated with moisture and become more resilient and resilient, so there is less risk of tearing or damaging something. Gently shake all contents together with soil to a clean surface.
Root system preparation
Before transplanting orchids, it is necessary to rinse the entire root system in warm water in order to get rid of adhering soil debris. Use a sharp knife or clippers to cut off any rotten, dry, or damaged fragments. Sprinkle slices with crushed charcoal or treat with special flower antiseptics. Dry the plant for 10-20 minutes on a paper towel.
Transplanting orchids into a new pot
Set the roots in a new pot vertically and gently fill the soil, filling all the cavities. If the old substrate is definitely healthy, in good condition, without signs of decay, fungus or plaque - you can use it. But it’s better just in case to replace it with a new one, gently tapping the flowerpot for compaction.
For the first time, before rooting and adapting, an orchid is best tied up. It is important that she stands firmly in the pot and does not stagger from side to side. When installing the support, try not to damage the roots, because all cracks and injuries are potential foci of decay.
Orchid care after transplantation
Pour the orchid with warm water immediately after transplantation, rearrange it in a bright, warm place and do not touch it for another 2 weeks. You can not put such a flowerpot on a cold surface, near an open window or in direct sunlight. Try not to rotate, rearrange, or disturb the flower at all. After 2 weeks, you can make some fertilizers, water the plant and switch to the usual care regimen.