Tree peonies: varieties, proper care (70 photos)
There are dozens of European and Eastern legends about magnificent tree-shaped peonies. In ancient Greece, a beautiful lush flower symbolized prosperity and longevity. And he was considered healing, which literally came from the name "paionios". For a long time, the task of growing luxurious peonies on their own seemed overwhelming and fantastic. Now everything is in your hands!
Tree Peony is a beautiful hybrid perennial bred by Chinese botanists. A little later he appeared on the Japanese islands, and instantly gained popularity. Treelike peonies were brought to Europe even later - around the eighteenth century.
Unlike compact flowerbed varieties, a large shrub grows up to 2 m. Thick straight shoots resemble miniature trunks, and the stems do not fall in the winter and grow more and more every year. In general, a tree peony does everything that any ordinary tree does.
The plant has beautiful and large cirrus leaves, as if openwork. Flowers open up to 20 cm in diameter, and can be of various shapes and colors - ordinary, double and semi-double. Over time, the tree-like peony grows into a spherical bush and blooms more magnificent.
Varieties of tree peonies
There are hundreds of tree-shaped peonies, so some experts even believe that this is not a separate species, but a whole group. Most of them are in China, because there peonies were bred before anyone else. But beautiful and spectacular varieties that you can grow on your site have also reached us.
Peony Trees Blue Sapphire
This is one of the most beautiful varieties among all the blue and lilac peonies. In one petal, several shades flow smoothly into each other at once, and a yellow center is highlighted in contrast.
Peony Tree Red Giant
The name of the variety speaks for itself - it has huge bright red flowers. The contrast is further emphasized by green leaves that grow rapidly.
Peony Tree Coral Island
Like the Red Giant, here the essence of the variety is reflected by its name - it is a gentle coral shade. Large flowers open up to 15 cm, and the flowering of this peony is very plentiful.
Peony Tree Green Beans
Florists are delighted with this variety due to large double flowers of a gentle green hue. These are late and very fragrant peonies that need loose soil and regular top dressing.
Peony tree Kinko
The delicate Kinko variety is interesting with textured petals and a crown shape of flowers. It has an unusual golden-peach color, and also it is absolutely unpretentious to the quality of the soil.
Peony Tree Sisters Kiao
In one flower of the Sisters Kiao, milky-white and pink-raspberry shades are intricately intertwined. The variety blooms profusely, so each bush looks luxurious even on its own.
Peony tree green ball
Peony The green ball belongs to those wonderful varieties that change color as they grow. Terry green buds open with delicate peach flowers up to 18 cm.
Tree Peony Care
For all its amazing beauty, the tree peony is not too picky. The main thing is to immediately choose a place, because the bush can grow on it up to a hundred years.
In summer, peonies feel perfectly in the garden and do not cause trouble, but for the winter it is better to shelter them. Modern varieties tolerate frosts well, but if the vegetation begins at an early thaw, the plant may die during the next frost. Hide it under a deck of old leaves, bark, spruce branches or special covering material.
Most tree-like peonies love the bright sun and light partial shade. Immediately choose a place so that later you do not have to transplant the bush. There should not be trees or farm buildings near which the sun will constantly obscure the shadow.
Large tree-like peonies need a lot of water, but rare watering - 7 liters per bush every 2 weeks. In the summer, during intense heat and drought, water the flowers more often, but from August increase the intervals again until you stop completely.
Soil and fertilizer
Tree peonies prefer loams, but even sandy soil can be improved with turf, peat and clay. During growth, they need a lot of nitrogen before budding and potassium after. Closer to flowering, add a portion of phosphorus, but not the fertilized portion, so that the root does not rot.
Transplantation and reproduction
Treelike peonies are difficult to grow from seeds: they need to be stratified in two passes, they quickly lose their germination capacity, and begin to bloom in at least five years. Therefore, we recommend using the cuttings of their summer semi-lignified shoots.
Each cuttings must have a kidney and a leaf that needs to be cut in half. Insert a twig and a half centimeter into the peat and leave it under the film, regularly moisturizing. If you do this all in the summer, at the end of September, peonies can already be planted in pots, and in the spring - in the ground.
It is recommended to plant a tree-like peony in the ground in August-September at a small elevation. In a pit 70 cm deep, lay a thick drainage layer and sprinkle some bone meal. To spread the roots, abundantly fill them with water, and when it is absorbed - dig a plant so that the root neck is at ground level.
Peonies do not like transplantation and can get sick or wither, but if such a need still arises - at the same time propagate it by dividing. They also use layering, notching and digging the developed stems in May. By the fall, a new bush can already be carefully separated and transplanted.
In the spring, sanitary pruning is carried out to remove frozen and damaged shoots, to rejuvenate old branches. In China, they even learned to rejuvenate the bush completely, cutting it almost to zero every 20 years. So individual plants are known that are more than 500 years old.
Pest and Disease Control
The most dangerous enemy of tree peonies is the mosaic virus, which will spread rapidly throughout the garden. There are several different mosaics, and some of them can spread from cucumbers or other seedlings. Leaves and petals cover necrotic spots, and the disease itself is not treated.
In the same way Lemoine’s disease is not treated, because of which peonies become smaller and grow poorly. For the rest, there is a standard set of fungal lesions, which must be combated with fungicides and humidity regulation. If damaged by rust or spotting, quickly cut off all the damaged leaves and burn, until the infection has spread further.
Peonies have not so many pests: aphids, caterpillars of thin worms, bronze beetles. Sweet bud juice attracts ants to the garden, and a developed root system becomes a refuge for nematodes. The fastest and most effective method of control is spraying with insecticides.
Tree peonies - photo
Legends and tales of peonies cannot be counted, not to say so! And all because they are incredibly beautiful, especially large tree-like varieties!